Hyderabad is known as the city of Nawabs. It is the capital of the Indian state, Telangana. It is the fourth most populous metropolitan city. Established in 1591 under the rule of Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah whose dynasty reigned for nearly a century until the Mughals took over. Relics of Qutb Shahi and the Nizams are visible even today.
Here are five places you must visit
- Charminar– “Four Minarets” was constructed in 1591 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. It is a mosque and a monument. This landmark has become the global icon of Hyderabad. It is of Indo-Islamic architectural style, incorporating Persion architectural style. The city is said to be spread around the Charminar in four different quadrants like the four pillars. Historian Masud Hussain Khan says that Qutb Shah constructed the Charminar when he first caught a glimpse of his future queen Bhagmati after her conversion to Islam.
- Golconda Fort– The Gloconda Fort is a citadel and a fort and was the capital of medival sultanate until the capital was shifted to Hyderabad. The region has been known to have mines that have produced world famous gems, including the koh-i-noor, the Hope Diamond, Nassak Diamond, and the Nur-ul-Ain. The fort used to have a vault where these diamonds were stored safely. Golkonda consists of four forts, a number of royal halls and apartments, temples, mosques, stables, etc. The fort also contains the tombs of Qutb Shahi kings. They are encircled by beautiful gardens and exquisitely carved sones.
- Bazaars– Laad Bazaar, Begum Bazaar, and Sultan Bazaar are the most famous bazaars and the favorite place to shop for city women. These are the traditional bazaars and were previously known to be the trading centers of diamonds and pearls. Therefore, the tag of “City of Pearls” was bestowed. Begum Bazaar is the biggest commercial market. The land of Begum Bazaar was gifted by the queen, Humda Begum to the merchants of Hyderabad for trade and commerce. Also, this bazaar hosts the second big fish market of Hyderabad, and can explain all busy roads in that area.
- Falaknuma Palace– The palace belonged to the Paigah family, and later to the Nizam of Hyderabad. The term ‘Falaknuma’ means “Mirrior of the sky” and truly fits the white architectural style. An English architect designed the style of the palace. The palace was built in the shape of the scorpion with two stings spread out as wings towards north. The ceiling is decorated with frescos, and Venetian chandeliers. The palace is now a renovated hotel with 60 rooms and 22 halls.
- Chowmahalla Palace- The palace was built by Nizam Salabat Jung and still remains the property of Barkat Ali Khan Mukarram Jah, heir of the Nizams. “Chowmahalla” means four palaces. All ceremonial functions of the Nizams were held at this palace. It has Mughal domes and arches and many Persian elements added to its architectural style. The clock at the clock tower at the Palace’s Khilwat Mubarak has been ticking for 251 years. The palace also has a collection of vintage cars which were used by the Nizams.